DATA Act (2014)
Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act)
The Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014, also called the DATA Act, expands on Federal awards reporting reforms that began with the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006.
The purpose of the DATA Act is to improve the quality and transparency of the Federal Government's award data. Lawmakers have directed the Treasury and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to create government-wide standards for reporting spending data associated with Federal awards. The law also requires that this data be channeled to a central, public database so that it can be easily accessed and tracked throughout an award's full lifespan – from a vote in Congress to its final disbursement.
Process and Timeline
The DATA Act will be implemented in stages, beginning with the guidance issued by OMB in 2015. After the pilot program runs through 2017, agencies and award recipients will be required to adhere to the new data sharing standards starting as early as 2018.
Here's a high-level timeline on the legislation's implementation, followed by links to more detailed resources about the DATA Act.
- May 2014 - Legislation was passed
- May 2015 - Initial pilot announced, which includes the key activities that will occur in the DATA Act Section 5 grants pilot program
- May 2016 - Version 1.0 of the DATA Act Information Model Schema (DAIMS) finalized
- May 2016 - OMB published the memo, Additional Guidance for DATA Act Implementation: Implementing a Data-Centric Approach for Reporting Federal Spending Information, providing background, new policies, and next steps in implementation
- Ongoing - Feedback collected from the public and federal agencies about the data elements. While the period for comment on the 57 data elements is closed, there are still opportunities to get involved and provide feedback—here's the DATA Act contact information and ways to get involved
- Full text of the DATA Act
- The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA)'s 2008 amendment
- The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA)
- DATA Act Background page on USAspending.gov
- OMB Memo: Additional Guidance for DATA Act Implementation: Implementing a Data-Centric Approach for Reporting Federal Spending Information
- HHS DATA Act Program Management Office (DAP) website
- HHS DAP Section 5 Grants Pilot
- Common Data Element Repository (CDER) Library
- Video from the April 1, 2015 webinar about the DATA Act Section 5 Pilot Program
- Presentation slides from the April 1, 2015 webinar
Effective Date: May 9, 2014
Entry Type: Law
Document Citation: Public Law No. 113-101