Who’s Who in the Federal Grant Policy-Making Community
Who's Who in the Federal Grant Policy-Making Community
The Federal policies that determine your application workflow – from eligibility and applying to winning an award and reporting on your program outcomes – didn't just materialize in a book full of rules and regulations.
Below, you will find a table breaking down every main body involved in the Federal grant policy-making process – who they are, what they do and what role they play in contributing to grant policy.
Federal Bodies Involved in Grant Policy Formation
|Body||Description||Activities||Role in Grant Community|
|Congress||Senate and House of Representatives||Passes statutes and regulations that are signed into law by the President|| Lays the foundation for Federal grant policy through legislation |
Appropriates funds to Federal agencies
|The White House (President of United States of America)||Executive Office of the President|| Ensures that laws are implemented and enforced |
President serves as head-of-state and commander-in-chief
President signs or vetoes legislation from Congress
| Appoints heads of Federal agencies that award grants to applicants |
Issues Executive Orders relevant to grant policy formation and legislation
|Office of Management and Budget (OMB)||Largest component of the Executive Office of the President|| Manages the budget development and execution of Federal government departments and agencies |
Guides their implementation of laws and regulations
| Issues circulars with guidance for grant-making agencies, such as the "Uniform Guidance" that was implemented in 2014 |
Receives recommendations from the Council on Financial Assistance Reform (COFAR)
|Grant-making Federal departments and agencies||Bodies that serve and protect the public and receive funding from Congress|| Run programs that serve the public |
Assist Congress in the drafting of regulations
| Award grants with funds from congressional appropriations under the direction of the agency head |
Create agency-specific, grant-related policies (internal and external) based on guidance from OMB
|Council on Financial Assistance Reform (COFAR)|| Created in 2011 by the OMB |
Replaced the Grants Policy Council and the Grants Executive Board
Comprised of Executive Branch officials from different agencies
| Provides recommendations to the OMB on grant policy |
Shares best practices with departments and agencies disbursing financial assistance awards
|While COFAR cannot directly create grant policy, its work contributes significantly to reforms being implemented by Congress, The White House and the OMB.|
|Government Accountability Office (GAO)||Investigative organization that reports to Congress|| Audits and generates reports on work done across the Federal government |
Ensures that taxpayer dollars are being spent effectively and efficiently
|Publishes occasional reports on Federal grant policy|
Government offices and bodies work together to develop grant policy.
More Policy Info.
- For a short history of grant policy and a general hierarchy of grant policy documents, click here.
- For summaries of important laws and guidance relevant to the grant community, click here.
- Stay informed about the latest news regarding Federal grant policy. Click here to read summaries of newsworthy announcements from the Federal Government.